Nowadays everybody is talking about the environment and the Climate change. How we are affecting it in a negative way, how we are destroying ecosystem of the Earth. How we are affecting to the Climate Change. But the environmental movement can be traced back to Europe in the 1880s when the industrial revolution started. When the factories started polluting the land and water. This was met with strong backlash by conservation groups. It gained momentum in the 50s, 60s, and 70s and a lot of influential books were published during that time.

In 1972 in Japan was signed the One of the Kyoto Protocol. The protocol was enacted in 2005 and directed the participant countries to reduce the effects of global warming. By 2009, 187 countries joined the protocol. Since then, various initiatives have been taken. Many conferences are held every year to emphasize the importance of improving environmental degradation. However, there is a need to accelerate efforts, and it is more important than ever to be conscious of our environment.

 

 

Climate change occurs when changes in Earth’s climate system result in new weather patterns that remain in place for an extended period of time. This length of time can be as short as a few decades to as long as millions of years. Scientists have identifed many episodes of climate change during Earth’s geological history; more recently since the industrial revolution the climate has increasingly been affected by human activities driving global warming, and the terms are commonly used interchangeably in that context.

Human activities, such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation and agricultural production are the major cause of climate change. Deforestation releases CO2 and reduces the number of trees that are able to absorb excess CO2. By using oil, gas, coal or other kind of fossil fuels releases CO2 accumutaing it in the atmosphere.

The CO2 and other gases (greenhouse gases) affects the way the solar radiation hits Earth. While the greenhouse effect at natural levels keeps Earth warm and habitable, too much of the greenhouse effect, intensified by human activity, causes the Earth to overheat. This is known as the enhanced greenhouse effect.

 

Image by Gerd Altmann  and Pete Linforth from Pixabay