Cockroach

Cockroaches are one of the most resilient creatures on the planet. They are prolific breeders and are capable of surviving extreme temperatures and environments, found all over the world. There are more than 3,500 species.
They are primitive creatures which have remained largely unchanged for millions of years.
They will eat virtually anything: food spills, faecal matter, soap, hair, paper etc. The ingested bacteria can survive in the cockroaches digestive system for months.

The most common varieties in Australia include the German, American and Oriental cockroaches.

Because cockroaches eat a wide range of food, including rotting garbage, it is believed that they spread a number of diseases to humans including salmonella and gastroenteritis. Recent studies have indicated cockroaches can also cause allergies.

Ecologistics will conduct a thorough inspection of your home or business top to bottom. If you have an infestation we will provide you with strategies for: Cockroaches Extermination and Prevention.

Sign of Cockroaches:

  • Presence of cockroach feces.
  • Odour.
  • The bodies of dead cockroaches.
  • Swarmers.
  • Damaged Books or Food.

german cockroach

Cockroach Species

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Ants

Of the many species of Ants in Australia over half of them may be found in Sydney, they can be destructive as well as annoying but can also be eradicated with relative ease. Ants classified as pests include the yellow crazy ant, sugar ant, carpenter ants,  argentine ant, odorous house ant and red imported fire ant. Two basic ways to prevent ant pest include to keep food concealed and in food areas like kitchen, dinning room, etc. always keep clean and tidy. Ants in general are mainly a nuisance pest rather than a health problem. They cause problems primarily when they forage in buildings for food or water and when they construct nests in buildings or gardens. When searching for food, ants can be attracted to a wide range of products with different species preferring sweets, meats, fats or oils.

Sign of Ants:

  • Piles of wood shavings can usually be found beneath wooden items.
  • Live Ants.
  • Listen for ant sounds in the quiet of the night.
  • Damaged Books or Food.

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Ants Species

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Spiders

According to the Australian Museum Australia has over 200 species of Spiders. Fortunately any of them are either harmless or not found in and around Sydney. However Sydney is home to some of Australia’s most dangerous spiders.

Spiders tend to incite more fear than favour and even provoke phobias for some. And many a visitor to our shores has been more than a little worried about our venomous eight-legged friends.

It’s true that we have some of the most venomous spiders in the world – but Australia’s spider reputation is bigger than its bite: records show no deaths from spider bites here since 1981.

“The fact is that, from a human perspective, spiders just aren’t that dangerous” says Dr Aaron Harmer, arachnid researcher Macquarie University. “While many spiders can give you a nip, in most cases it is less troublesome than a bee sting.”

Sign of Spiders:

  • Spider Nest.
  • Dead Bodies.
  • Listen for spiders sounds in the quiet of the night.
  • Damaged Books or Food.

spider

Spider Species

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Bed Bugs

Bed Bugs are wingless insects, roughly oval in shape, 4-5mm long when fully grown and fast runners. They are rust brown in colour and change to a deeper red brown following a blood meal. Bed Bugs hide in narrow cracks and crevices, making detection often very difficult.
Every time we go to bed we shed dead skin cells which is the favourite food of bed bugs. Now if that’s all they ate they wouldn’t be such a problem. Unfortunately Bed Bugs also attach themselves to our skin and can cause serious skin irritations which if left untreated can become infected. At an average size of only 4mm they are very hard to spot. The average untreated double bed can contain several thousand bed bugs.

Bed bugs, bed-bugs, or bedbugs are parasitic insects of the cimicid family that feed exclusively on blood. Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug, is the best known, as it prefers to feed on human blood. Other Cimex species specialize in other animals, e.g., bat bugs, such as Cimex pipistrelli (Europe), Cimex pilosellus (western US), and Cimex adjunctus (entire eastern US).

The name “bed bug” derives from the preferred habitat of Cimex lectularius: warm houses and especially nearby or inside of beds and bedding or other sleep areas. Bed bugs are mainly active at night, but are not exclusively nocturnal. They usually feed on their hosts without being noticed.

A number of adverse health effects may result from bed bug bites, including skin rashes, psychological effects, and allergic symptoms. They are not known to transmit any pathogens as disease vectors. Certain signs and symptoms suggest the presence of bed bugs; finding the insects confirms the diagnosis.

Bed bugs have been known as human parasites for thousands of years.[8] At a point in the early 1940s, they were mostly eradicated in the developed world, but have increased in prevalence since 1995, likely due to pesticide resistance.[9][10] Because infestation of human habitats has been on the increase, bed bug bites and related conditions have been on the rise as well.

Bed bugs can cause a number of health effects, including skin rashes, psychological effects, and allergic symptoms. They can be infected by at least 28 human pathogens, but no study has clearly found that the insect can transmit the pathogen to a human being. Bed bug bites or cimicosis may lead to a range of skin manifestations from no visible effects to prominent blisters.

Diagnosis involves both finding bed bugs and the occurrence of compatible symptoms. Treatment involves the elimination of the insect (including its eggs) and measures to help with the symptoms until they resolve. They have been found with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE), but the significance of this is still unknown.

Investigations into potential transmission of HIV, MRSA, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and hepatitis E have not shown that bed bugs can spread these diseases. However, it may be possible that arboviruses are transmissible.

Sign of Bed Bugs:

  • Rusty or reddish stains on bed sheets or mattresses.
  • Dark spots (about this size: •).
  • Eggs and eggshells.
  • Live bed bugs.

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Silverfish

Lepisma saccharina, commonly known as a silverfish or fishmoth, is a small, wingless insect in the order Thysanura. Its common name derives from the animal’s silvery light grey and blue colour, combined with the fish-like appearance of its movements, while the scientific name (L. saccharina) indicates the silverfish’s diet consists of carbohydrates such as sugar or starches.

Silverfish are nocturnal insects typically 13–25 mm (0.5–1 in) long.Their abdomens taper at the end, giving them a fish-like appearance. The newly hatched are whitish, but develop a greyish hue and metallic shine as they get older. They have three long cerci at the tips of their abdomens, one off the end of their body, one facing left, and one facing right. They also have two small compound eyes, despite other members of Thysanura being completely eyeless, such as the family Nicoletiidae.

Like other species in Apterygota, silverfish are completely wingless. They have long antennae, and move in a wiggling motion that resembles the movement of a fish.[7] This, coupled with their appearance and silvery scales, influences their common name. Silverfish typically live for two to eight years.[4] Silverfish are agile runners and can outrun most of their predators (including wandering spiders and centipedes). However such running is only possible on horizontal surfaces, as they lack any additional appendages and, therefore, are not fast enough to climb walls at the same speed. They also avoid light.

Silverfish feed on materials containing sugars, starch and cellulose, including paper, photographs, mold, book bindings, glue, sugar, coffee, carpet, clothing, hair, and other common household items. They can cause extensive damage within the home, and are commonly considered pests. Silverfish have been known to live for as long as one year without eating.

Silverfish prefer warm, humid habitats, and are commonly throughout Europe, North America, Australia, and Asia.

Sign of Silverfish:

  • Holes in wallpaper.
  • Holes in clothing.
  • Yellow stains.

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Fleas

Fleas are highly specialised bloodsucking parasites belonging to the order of insects called Siphonaptera, which means “wingless siphon”. They have a formidable reputation of claiming more victims than all the wars ever fought, as a result of the “bubonic” (Black Death) plague they spread throughout the world in the 14th century causing the deaths of over 200 million people. Now, these insects are better known for their irritation and pest status worldwide.

Fleas are light brown to mahogany in colour and roughly oval shaped. Their laterally flattened appearance enables them to quickly move through the host’s hair. MeasuringLive Cat flea 2-8 mm in length, the adults are entirely covered with a series of bristles and combs that assists them in clinging to the host. The small head is equipped with sawing and sucking mouthparts, and two tiny simple eyes. To aid in the detection of a host, fleas possess two short antennae on the head that are sensitive to stimuli including heat, vibration, traces of carbon dioxide and change in air currents and shadows. The hind pair of legs that are well developed for jumping enable fleas to be propelled 10-30cms, either to make contact with a host or avoid a threatening situation.

Both female and males fleas rely on blood for their nutrition, but can survive for several months without it. When a flea blood feeds, it will crouch low to penetrate the host’s tissue with a sawing motion of the mouthparts. A small amount of anti-coagulatant is injected with the saliva, to permit easy siphoning of the blood. Fleas Flea larvawill bite only accessible parts of the body and clustered bites on the lower limbs are diagnostic. Blood feeding maybe interrupted, and fleas will often probe several times before repletion which can increase their total body weight by 30%. Each female flea uses her blood to nourish developing eggs, and will deposit up to 4 eggs after each blood meal; most females will lay at least 100 eggs within a life cycle of several months. The eggs are oval, white to cream in colour and measure 0.5mm in length; they can hatch within 1 week, but this will be dependent on prevailing conditions as larvae are extremely sensitive to desiccation. When the maggot-like larvae emerge, they are sparsely covered in hair and have no legs but are capable of moving rapidly in search of food, which consists mainly of skin scales or undigested blood excreted by the adults. Within a 1-3 week period, the larvae will grow and undergo 4 moults prior to pupating in a silken cocoon which they spin. The adult fleas emerge from the pupal case in 1-2 weeks but can remain dormant in their cocoons for several months depending on the availability of food and conditions. Often the emergence of adults from the pupal stage is triggered by vibrations, which occasionally happens on entering an unoccupied home of previous pet owners.

Some fleas can attack a range of hosts, and their ability to transfer from one host to another allows for the possible transfer of pathogens including viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases. The main flea species that attack humans include the cat flea Ctenocephalides felis, the dog flea C. canis, and the human flea Pulex irritans. The latter two species are relatively rare. The common cat flea is found on both cats and dogs, and is the species usually identified in attacks on humans and usuallyCat flea responsible for flea plagues. Cat fleas are the intermediate host for the dog and cat tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum) which is easily transmitted to humans. The only flea-borne disease that currently occur within Australia is murine typhus; this is transmitted from rats to humans by particular rat fleas, typically Xenopsylla cheopis, and although it has been widespread, it is uncommon.

Sign of Fleas:

  • Great deal of Irritation and distress to humans.
  • A red, swollen weal develops within half an hour of the bite.
  • After a day or so, the weal (lump) may develop into a blister or small wound.

flea

Fleas Species

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Our Philosophy

Our Mission

Our mission is to ensure that our valued clients are not only happy but healthy. Our expert staff understands the importance of keeping your home or business safe. We are industry leaders in, Pest Control, Sub-Floor Ventilation and Mould inspection and removal, and use the latest in diagnostic and removal equipment.

Our Core Areas of expertise include:

  • Pest Control.
  • Termites, Ants, Spiders, Bedbugs and Cockroaches Control.
  • Rats and Mice Control.
  • Mould Inspection and infrared Testing in water, soil and lead.
  • Mould remediation and clean up
  • Sub-Floor Ventilation.

Areas we service

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